Long-term effects of propolis on serum biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Beyraghdar Kashkooli, O. Ebrahimi Dorcheh, E. Mahboobi-soofiani, N. Samie, A. Journal of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 74 (2011) 315-318.
Long-term effects of propolis administration on serum biochemical parameters of rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss) were investigated. To determine the possible toxicity and side effects of propolis,
fish were fed on diets containing 0, 0.5, 1.5, 4.5 and 9 g propolis/kg diet for 8 weeks. At the end of the
experiment, various seric biochemical parameters were determined. Our results showed that all
dosages induced no significant alterations in growth parameters and the seric levels of total protein,
albumin, globulin, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and
triglycerides and activities of glutamic pyruvic transaminase, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase,
alkaline phosphatase and lactate dehydrogenase, when compared to the control group. On the basis of
our findings, propolis is a non-toxic substance for rainbow trout and its long-term administration might
not have any side effects.